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    This course test for UZEM


    From the 20th century on, many social conflicts have emerged due to changes in the political culture across the world. For example, in the last 50 years or more, we have seen the fall of colonialism in Africa and of communism in Eastern Europe followed by the emergence of atrocious inter-ethnic conflicts in Rwanda, Bosnia, and Kosovo; the intensification of an antagonistic relationship between Muslims and Jews in the Middle East; the escalation and conciliation of the intergroup conflict; the current migration crisis-driven wars in the Middle East, as well as the problematisation of multiculturalism in North America and Europe. Today understanding psychological dynamics in a social conflict has been more critical than ever to produce technology for increasing human well-being in the rise of 21st-century global fascism and authoritarian regimes. In fact, social conflict has even been defined as a "problem of the century" in social psychology (Fiske, 2002). Research on understanding the true nature of the conflict between human groups and bringing about a better society in which various groups are building the future of humanity in harmony has always been a challenging job for scientists. Yet, it is critical to accumulating scientific observations and knowledge about individuals and human groups around these questions. It is essential for students in higher education to have the ability to understand social conflicts in the 21st-century complex modern world, in which successful business and social life require engaging various communities, knowledge-intensive business life and constant learning.